Gray striped mullet
Mugil cephalus
Gray striped mullet    This species is extremely widespread to occur off the coasts of Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, America and Polynesia. Large fish of up to 75 cm long and weighing up to 12 kg, it has a small but very wide head, this being reflected in its name. The mullet family includes a total of about 100 species, all of them being very similar in appearance. They have a torpedo-shaped body and a powerful caudal fin. The body is covered with large scales and has a silvery color. All mullets have two dorsal fins, the first of which consists of four prickly rays. The striped mullet is a quick swimmer capable for a long time to maintain a speed of up to 0.5 m/sec; for a short time, it can develop a speed of up to 6.5 m/sec, frequently jumping above the water surface. Like all other mullet species, the gray striped mullet feeds on floor silt and scales, scraping them off various underwater objects with its spade-like lower jaw. Reproduces in river estuary zones. The roe floats. Ascends to lower reaches of rivers to winter. The mullet has tasty fat flesh, albeit the head is poisonous. Is an object of both commercial fishery and game angling. Being a highly popular delicatessen fish, the mullet is successfully cultivated by the fish economies of many countries.