Far East National Marine Natural Preserve

Geography and structure of sanctuary
Climate and hydrology
Marine plants and animals
Underwater landscapes of Peter the Great Bay

Principal protected species

Prospects for investigations and development of protection in Marine Sanctuary

Supplement: Animals and plants of FENMS. Names of groups (types, classes, etc.)

     The Far East National Marine Sanctuary (FENMS) in Peter the Great Bay, Japan Sea was organized on March 24, 178 in accord with Resolution 228 of USSR Council of Ministers. The Sanctuary was formed under the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (since 1991 Russian Academy of SciencesRAS). Supervision of FENMS activities has been entrusted to the Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch, RAS, on whose initiative the Sanctuary was organized. The Sanctuary contributed and continues to largely contribute to studies of Far Eastern seas, including the water area and territory of Russias first and as yet only Marine Sanctuary.
   The Sanctuarys basic tasks and trends of activity are designed to protect the given territory and water area; describe its marine and insular biocenoses and dynamics caused by natural and man-made events; develop scientific foundations for preserving and restoring the Sanctuarys marine and insular biocenoses aimed at preserving its gene pool; develop recommendations for marine preserve management; and promote nature conservation by organizing museums and exhibits and publishing scientific and popular science literature on marine nature and its conservation (Chugunov, 1979).
    The Sanctuary staff and researchers from the Institute of Marine Biology and many other institutions conduct research. In addition to the book Animals and Plants of Peter the Great Bay (1976), published when the Sanctuary was being organized, four collected transactions and a number of scientific and popular science brochures and articles have been published about the Sanctuary and its inhabitants.

Sanctuary cordon on Falshivyi Island
Sanctuary cordon in Pemzovaya Inlet

A. TIURIN, Cand. Sci (Biology).