Geography and structure of sanctuary
Climate and hydrology
Marine plants and animals
Underwater landscapes of Peter the Great Bay
Principal protected species
Prospects for investigations and development of protection in Marine Sanctuary
Supplement: Animals and plants of FENMS. Names of groups (types, classes, etc.)
The Far East National Marine
Sanctuary (FENMS) in Peter the Great Bay, Japan Sea was organized on March
24, 178 in accord with Resolution 228 of USSR Council of Ministers. The
Sanctuary was formed under the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (since 1991
Russian Academy of Sciences—RAS). Supervision of FENMS activities has been
entrusted to the Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch, RAS, on
whose initiative the Sanctuary was organized. The Sanctuary contributed
and continues to largely contribute to studies of Far Eastern seas, including
the water area and territory of Russia’s first and
as yet only Marine Sanctuary.
The Sanctuary’s basic tasks and trends of activity are designed to protect the given territory and water area; describe its marine and insular biocenoses and dynamics caused by natural and man-made events; develop scientific foundations for preserving and restoring the Sanctuary’s marine and insular biocenoses aimed at preserving its gene pool; develop recommendations for marine preserve management; and promote nature conservation by organizing museums and exhibits and publishing scientific and popular science literature on marine nature and its conservation (Chugunov, 1979).
The Sanctuary staff and researchers from the Institute of Marine Biology and many other institutions conduct research. In addition to the book “Animals and Plants of Peter the Great Bay” (1976), published when the Sanctuary was being organized, four collected transactions and a number of scientific and popular science brochures and articles have been published about the Sanctuary and its inhabitants.
Sanctuary cordon on Falshivyi Island
Sanctuary cordon in Pemzovaya Inlet
A. TIURIN, Cand. Sci (Biology).