Located in Khasan District of Primorye and founded in 1916, Kedrovaya Padj
Preserve is situated near the western coast of Amur Bay. When the weather
is clear, from Vladivostok you can see with the naked eye its highest peaks,
Mt. Chalban, Mt. Podkrestovaya and Mt. Uglovaya. The nature of this preserve,
one of the oldest in Russia, has mostly been unaffected by human activity.
The uniqueness and abundance of the flora and fauna, as well as the relatively easy accessibility and proximity of Kedrovaya Padj to densely populated localities of Primorye turned it into one of the most popular recreational spots of the former Soviet Union. The white-chest bear, the boar, the roe deer, the Far Eastern leopard, the raccoon-like dog, the badger, and the spotted deer commonly inhabit it. Rather rare birds like the mandarin duck, the blue magpie and the heron nest here along with frequently encountered pheasants. Again, Kedrovaya River is a good spawning ground for salmon species, e.g. the humpback and keta. Here, you can also frequently encounter the Schmidt birch, whose wood possesses singular mechanical properties. Along with the legendary ginseng, you can come across the Korean cedar pine, the Far Eastern lianas (the Actinidia, Schizandra and grape), the grassy and arboreal Aralia, the Eleutherococcus, the Araliaceae, the Amur and big lilac, the Amur Phellodendron, and eight maple species.
Plants very rarely encountered in other areas of the Russian Far East commonly occur on Mt. Chalban, e.g. the Komarov currant and other Rabies species. In the former USSR, the rocky Primula was first found on Mt. Chalban, and the Far Eastern violet and Ussuri Corydalis, both species novel to science, were described.
Animal kingdom Flora and vegetation Fungi
Used in this section were personal photographs and those from the book Preserves of Primorye, Sovietskaya Rossiya Publishers, 1988.
Yu. BERSENEV, Expert, Primorye Territorial Duma.