The planned South Primorye Natural Park consists of two sectors. The northern
sector (30.5 thousand ha.) includes the upper part of River Alexeevka basin,
Mt. Olkhovaya (with two lakes on top to make it unique) and the northern
part of Partisansky Ridge with Mt. Lysaya (1,560.7 m), a natural monument.
Administratively, the territory belongs preferentially to Partisansk District with a small section of Laso District. The southern sector (36.9 thousand ha) is at the abutment of three administrative units (Bolshekamensk and Partisansk Districts and the territory of Partisansk, the district center) and includes the Livadia Ridge, the small Losovyi Ridge, part of Ekaterinovsky Massif and the sources of Litovka River.
Ecologically, the territory is just as good as other described national parks. The high altitude gradient and proximity to the sea determine its well-pronounced zonal vegetation.
From the foothills to the mountain peaks, you can distinguish a belt of cedarЧbroad-leaved forests and a belt of spruce-fur forests with intermediate zone of cedar-fur-broad-leaved forests. The mountain peaks are forested unequally, and in some places rock detritus occurs along with dwarf tree thickets and microbiota.
The natural park boasts sixty-nine rare vascular plant species and those needing protection, e.g. the magnificent burnet, the large-flower Cypripedium, the Tamarisk Lycopodium, etc., and eleven Red Book lichen species; about thirty mammal species live here, including the Red Book Amur tiger, the spotted deer, the Himalayan bear, etc., as well as about two hundred bird species, including eleven rare and disappearing species, e.g. the honey buzzard, the black crane, the hawk-like Scops, etc., and over fifty rare and disappearing insect species, e.g. the European ground beetle Maximoviczii, the Far Eastern cave grasshopper, etc.
Given its major recreational potential (scenic terrain, abundant vegetation, picturesque rivers and streams, high mountains, numerous caves, waterfalls, upland lakes) and excellent access to transport, the area is a favorite spot for hikers, chiefly from nearby towns. In addition, it has many historical monuments.
Yu. BERSENEV, State Committee for Environment
Conservation of Primorye Territory.