KHASAN Natural Park is in the south
of Khasan District. Was created in 1997 and is in the stage of organization.
Its territory (area 35,000 ha), restricted from the south by the sea, and from the west by Russia’s national border with China, has major significance in preserving biological diversity, primarily that of birds.
the vast lowland spaces with salt water lakes are quite favorable for meadow
and meadow-bog species and near-water vegetation. The hills are covered
with park thin forest comprising dentate oak and occasionally reed grass—herbage
Thirty-nine rare and disappearing vascular plant species grow here, e.g. the Japanese Zoysia, etc.
At least one hundred bird species nest here, and at least hundreds of others cross or stop here during migrations, among them forty-seven rare species and those requiring protection, e.g. the Japanese crane, the Beer Anas, etc.
The territory falls under the terms of the Russian-Japanese, Soviet-North Korean and Soviet-South Korean conventions on protection of migrating and endangered bird species and their habitats. Besides, the territory is to be included in the list of water reservoirs protected by the Ramsar Convention ”On Internationally Significant Water-Bog Lands, Chiefly as Water Fowl Habitats”. Twenty-eight Red Book insect species, e.g. the vacariating earwig, the Yankovsky ground beetle, etc. Again, such rare species as the striped runner and Japanese mole have been noted only here.
The area houses four national natural monuments and twenty-three archeological monuments. It is also a historical site in commemoration of the 1938 Soviet-Japanese Incident at Lake Khasan. The surrounding seawater in Posiet Bay is warmest in the Russian Far East, making it a highly significant spot for recreation.
Yu. BERSENEV, State Committee for Environment
Conservation of Primorye Territory.