PrimoryeProtection
PRINCIPAL PROTECTED SPECIES
Principal protected species
    From the more than  3,000 animal and plant species of the Marine Sanctuary, the principal species that offer the most general understanding about the area to represent its УimageФ, as it were, should be distinguished.

    Marine invertebrates: the Far Eastern trepang Stichopus japonicus, the Primorye pecten Mizuhopecten vessoensis, the Swift pecten Swiftopecten swifte, the Gray mussel Crenomytilus grayanus, the sea urchins Strongylocentrotus nudus and S. intermedius, the starfishes Distoplasterias nipon and Asterias amurensis, the giant octopus Octopus dofleinbi, and the Kamchatka crap Paralithodes camtschatica.

    Fishes: the Sakhalin sturgeon, Acipenser medirostris; the large-scale Tribolodon hakonensis Gunther; the Far Eastern Strongylura anastomella; and the Chirolophis japonicus Herzenstein.

    Birds: Tadorna tadorna, Locustella pleskei, Ardea cinerea, Bubulcus ibis coromandus, Egretta alba, E. garzetta garzetta. E. euphotes, Phalacrocorax filamentosus, Ph. Carbo sinensis, Ph. Pelagicus pelagicus, and Larus crassirostris.

    Cetaceans: Pseudorca crassidens; the dolphins Delphinius delphis and Tursiops truncatus; and the small rorqual Balaenoptera borealis.

    Pinnipedia: the largha Phoca largha and the sea lion Eumetopias jubatus.

    Vascular plants: the cuspidate yew, taxus cuspidata, the densely flowering pine, Pinus densiflora; the virgin grape, Parcenocissus tricuspidata, the lancet-leaf (tiger) lily, Lilium lancifolium (tigrinum) and the drooping L. cernuum; Rhododendron schlippenbachii; the water nut, Trapa incisa, Kalopanax septemlobus and Deutzia glabrata.
 The following species are common in the coastal protection zone: the spotted deer, Cerbus nippon hortulorum; the roe deer, Capreolus bedfordi; the common fox, Vulpes vulpes dolichocrania; the Amur forest cat, Felix euptilura euptilura; the black griffon, Aegypius monachus; and the white-tailed Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla. In recent years, a family of Amur tigers, Panthera tigris altaica and the Far Eastern leopard, Panthera pardus orientalis, regularly occur in the area of Cape Lev, being ostensibly attracted by the local deer farm.
    Catches in various years in Sanctuary waters of tropical species, viz. the tiger shark, the hammer shark and also the sea snake, may also be assigned to unique finds.

A. TIURIN, Cand. Sci (Biology).
 
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