Rockbirch (Betula lanata) forests

Spruce and fur forests 

Larchwood forests

Larchwood-fur forests 

Broad-leaf-cedar forests

Cedar-fur forests

Broad-leafblack spruce forests

Oak forests

Lime forests

Birch forests

Aspen and alder forests

Chosenia, willow and poplar forests

Forests with prevalence and codominance of ash and elm

Minor forest formations

     Forests occupy almost 75 percent of Primoryes area and are a major landscape-forming element in the region. The familiar plurality of ecoprotective functions of forests and their role in maintaining the ecological balance of alpine forest regions in Primorye forests repeatedly grows in comparison with forests from other areas of Eurasia situated on the same geographic latitude. This results from the combination of alpine relief, monsoon climate and weak resistance to erosion of alpine-forest soils. The state of all terrestrial and partially marine (migrating fish, etc.) biological objects largely, and for many of them even fully depends on the state of forests in alpine-forest regions. In Primorye, the role of forests in preserving biological diversity is especially great due to specifics of forest nature.
    The diversity of Primoryes forest vegetation is highest in Russia on the specific, coenotic and typological levels. In performing forest management in formations of Russias National Forest Fund, over 150 forest types, forming 23 forest formations and subformations of fundamental and secondary forests have been established. Some actually existing forest formations (groves of Taxus, Betula schmidtii, Armenica, etc.) widespread beyond said National Forest Fund and/or occupying small areas have not been established during forest management. Accounting for these minor formations, the total number of forest formations in Primorye approaches thirty.

   V. ROSENBERG, Cand. Sci. (Biology), Leading Researcher,  Institute of Biology and Soil Science, F. E. Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences.

   E. SHATKOVSKAYA, Leading Engineer, Institute of Biology and Soil Science, F. E. Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences.

   I. LANDINA, Senior Lab. Researcher, Institute of Biology and Soil Science, F. E. Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences.

  S. KRASNOPEEV, S. M., Cand. Sci. (Physics and Maths), Senior Research Fellow, Pacific Institute of Geography, F. E. Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences

  T. KRASNOPEEVA, 1st Category Programmer,  Pacific Institute of Geography, F. E. Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences

  S. TOURCHANOV, 1st Category Programmer,  Pacific Institute of Geography, F. E. Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences

  E. SHESHIKOVA, 1st Category Programmer,  Pacific Institute of Geography, F. E. Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences

 T. SHASHURA, 1st Category Engineer, Pacific Institute of Geography, F. E. Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
  
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