Forests occupy almost 75 percent
of Primorye’s area and are a major landscape-forming element in the region.
The familiar plurality of ecoprotective functions of forests and their
role in maintaining the ecological balance of alpine forest regions in
Primorye forests repeatedly grows in comparison with forests from other
areas of Eurasia situated on the same geographic latitude. This results
from the combination of alpine relief, monsoon climate and weak resistance
to erosion of alpine-forest soils. The state of all terrestrial and partially
marine (migrating fish, etc.) biological objects largely, and for many
of them even fully depends on the state of forests in alpine-forest regions.
In Primorye, the role of forests in preserving biological diversity is
especially great due to specifics of forest nature.
The diversity of Primorye’s forest
vegetation is highest in Russia on the specific, coenotic and typological
levels. In performing forest management in formations of Russia’s National
Forest Fund, over 150 forest types, forming 23 forest formations and subformations
of fundamental and secondary forests have been established. Some actually
existing forest formations (groves of Taxus, Betula schmidtii, Armenica,
etc.) widespread beyond said National Forest Fund and/or occupying small
areas have not been established during forest management. Accounting for
these “minor” formations, the total number of forest formations in Primorye