Founded - in 1860
     Population - 634 000

   Vladivostok is the major city in the Russian Far East.  It is  industrial, transport, scientific and cultural center and the biggest  ocean port of Russia on the pacific coast.   As much as almost 47% of its population are somehow involved in industry, transport, and communication. The main industries of Vladivostok are engineering and fishing. Vostoktransflot and Dalmoreproduct  (major fish shipment and processing companies) whose fishing boats and floating fish factories operate not only inside the Pacific, but also in the Indian and Arctic Oceans, providing employment to many thousands of fish-men. Most (90%) of the catch is processed directly on the board of the ships in the open ocean.
   Fish-processing factory (Vladivostoksky Rybokombinat)  produces delicacies, preserves, semi-finished and finished fish products, which are very popular with the locals and people across the country.
 The major engineering operations are equipment  manufacturing, shipbuilding and  ship repair. The oldest ship repair plant in Primorsky Region is Dalzabod.  The products of Vladivostok  Equipment Plant,  Metallist, Radiopribor, Izumrud, Varyag (engineering and equipment  production) are very well known all over the country.
   Confectionery, bread baking, meat and dairy processing factories are major components of the food industry. House development creates demand for the production of the o reinforced concrete and large-panel construction that are manufactured within the city limits.  Among the most popular products are plywood, porcelain-ceramic, and furniture that equal to more that 2500 different titles.
   Vladivostok provides you with all major ways of transportation, it is the terminus of Trans-Siberian Railroad, the longest railroad in the world;  Vladivosostok -Khabarovsk highway, and the most extended air-route of Russia.
   The heart of the city is the port with its 16 piers, 4 190meters mooring line, and passenger-service area, specialized in container and bulk cargo processing, shipping of cargoes to Sakhalin, Kamchatka, Magadan, and the northern Sakha Republic. The fleet of the Far Eastern Shipping Co. runs several international lines. Port facilities include portal and floating cranes, loaders, boats,  railways, and a computer center. Computers store and process the information on the growing cargo turnover.  They provide major help to get prepared for unloading when a vessel just enters the harbor.
    Vladivostok is prominent by its science potential. It accommodates the Presidium (Headquarters) of the Far Eastern Division of Russian Academy of Sciences and 14 academic and research institutes with Far East Geological Institute, Pacific Oceanological Institute, Institute of Biology and Soil Sciences, Institute of Automation and Control Processes, etc. among them. The scientists perform complex studies of the World Ocean and the Pacific Ore Belt, work out recommendations on the efficient use and protection of soils, flora, and fauna, develop new medicines, investigate the ways of complex economic development of Primorsky Region. Besides academics, the city accommodates a majority of various research institutions and planning organizations.
    Vladivostok is a college city.  Its higher education arsenal accounts nine Universities. The most prominent are Far Eastern State and Technical Universities, Marine Academy named after G.I. Nevelskoy, Management and Economics Academy, etc. They prepare captains for merchant vessels, physicians, schoolteachers, engineers, researchers, navy officers, and businessmen. Specialized trade schools include shipbuilding, meteorological, power engineering, medical, music, pedagogic colleges, and a bunch of lyceums.
    The status of the major seaport in the Russian Far East predestined for Vladivostok the role of a cultural center. Construction of the Trans-Siberian Railroad added a lot to the progress of social and cultural activity in the city and in the region at large. Vladivostok has Chamber and Drama Theatres, Puppet Show, Philharmonic Society, Circus, and Picture Galleries. The Russian Geographic Society established its branch in Vladivostok about a century ago. Multiple museums functioning here have collected precious historical items and heritage exhibits, the most abundant and interesting collections are displayed by the Museum of Regional Lore, History and  Economics named after V.K. Arsenyev, Pacific Fleet History Museum, Museum of Fishery and Oceanography, Aquarium. The Marine Preserve in the vicinity of Vladivostok is a Natural Museum of Local Sea-Life.
    Streets and buildings of the city account over 200 memorials. Combination of old and modern architecture reflects the history of Vladivostok. In the downtown the buildings of XIX-early XX centuries stand next to the ones from 1970s. Several old buildings are protected as a woodwork architecture heritage of late XIX century. Under intensive town planning the city preserves its historical appearance, individual buildings, and even streets are protected as historical memorial.
    Health resorts and sanatoriums in the vicinity of Vladivostok provide qualified medical and recreation services not only for locals, but also for the people from all over Russia. The area accommodates the best in Siberia and Russian Far East health facilities, multiple vacation houses and tourist centers, the children's recreation camp  "Ocean" functions all-the-year-round.
    However, the real wealth of the city is its people, their heroic achievements in war and peaceful times are marked by federal awards and memorial tributes.

BAKLANOV P.Ya. et. al. Geography of Primorsky Territory. Publishing House "Ussuri", 1997. Pacific Institute of Geography, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences