|At present, 77 percent of Primorye’s population live in towns and urban settlements. Before the 1917 Revolution, Primorye had only two cities: Vladivostok and Ussuriisk. Now there are eleven. Vladivostok, the center of Primorye, is particularly prominent. Its population is over 600,000. Ussuriisk and Nakhodka are also major urban centers. The rest of Primorye’s towns are medium and small. The urban settlements of Primorye, which number 46, occupy a major place in the life of the province. Twenty percent of Primorye’s urban population lives there.|
The bulk of settlements arose in connection with development of the lumber and fishery industries, and as a result of prospecting of minerals and servicing the local railroad and sea transport. In recent years, industrial enterprises and health and research institutions has been the base for development of urban settlements, which in regard to population correspond to towns.
|Modern amenities and size distinguish such urban settlements as Luchegorsk, Kavalerovo and Slavianka. They occupy an important place among Primorye’s economic centers. For instance, Luchegorsk developed in 1966 on the basis of a very rich brown coal deposit. Today, it provides Primorye with 20 percent of its local coal to generate scarce energy supply. Kavalerovo is of no less significance. It accommodates one the largest tin mining and processing enterprises in the Russian Far East, Khrustalnenskaya Mining and Concentration Company.|