PrimoryeGeography
POPULATION DISTRIBUTION

 
      At present, 77 percent of Primoryes population live in towns and urban settlements. Before the 1917 Revolution, Primorye had only two cities: Vladivostok and Ussuriisk. Now there are eleven. Vladivostok, the center of Primorye, is particularly prominent. Its population is over 600,000. Ussuriisk and Nakhodka are also major urban centers. The rest of Primoryes towns are medium and small. The urban settlements of Primorye, which number 46, occupy a major place in the life of the province. Twenty percent of Primoryes urban population lives there. 
 
 The bulk of settlements arose in connection with development of the lumber and fishery industries, and as a result of prospecting of minerals and servicing the local railroad and sea transport. In recent years, industrial enterprises and health and research institutions has been the base for development of urban settlements, which in regard to population correspond to towns.   
 
Accomodation of population      Modern amenities and size distinguish such urban settlements as Luchegorsk, Kavalerovo and Slavianka. They occupy an important place among Primoryes economic centers. For instance, Luchegorsk developed in 1966 on the basis of a very rich brown coal deposit. Today, it provides Primorye with 20 percent of its local coal to generate scarce energy supply. Kavalerovo is of no less significance. It accommodates one the largest tin mining and processing enterprises in the Russian Far East, Khrustalnenskaya Mining and Concentration Company. 
    Five hundred and twenty-six thousand Primorye residents live in villages. This is 23% of the total population. The number of rural settlements has recently been decreasing. Whereas in 1959, they numbered 1,002, at present they total only 702. At the same time, the village population is growing. During Soviet government, it increased on the whole by more than two times. District centers, such as Chernigovka, Khorol, Volno-Nadezhdinskoye, and Kamenj-Rybolov have the largest populations. The population in those villages tops the 10,000 mark, and the level of modern amenities is close to that in urban areas. Available housing includes many dwellings provided with communal services.
    Fishery state farms, major logging enterprises and central farmsteads of agricultural enterprises are also conspicuous. At the same time, almost one-third of Primoryes villages are small and very small. Some are populated only by several dozen people, and some even by 2-3 families. Small villages usually arise at railroad sidings, felling sites, weather and hydrological stations, and with state farm teams and division (Tabl. 4).
   Like in other territories and regions of the Russian Far East, the population in Primorye is distributed highly unevenly. Densely populated areas alternate with not very lived-in territories. Given an average population density of 12 inhabitants per square kilometers, there are quite a few places where it is only 1-2 persons per square kilometer. One third of Primoryes territory, preferentially in mountainous localities, has no regular population at all.
    Development and specialization of the economy determine the nature of the populations settlement and density. The southern areas of Primorye have the densest population, about 80 persons per square kilometer, specifically in Vladivostok and Nakhodka, which also involve Artiom, Bolshoi Kamenj and Partizansk, and also 25 urban settlements with mostly those that have over 10,000 inhabitants. Diverse sectors of industry and transport are developed there.
    Areas mostly involved in agriculture occupy a significant part of Primorye to include the valleys of Ussuri and Razdolnaya Rivers and the Khanka Plain. Unlike the south of Primorye, where most of the population are rural residents, and towns and urban settlements are rare. The density of the rural population averages 10 persons per square kilometer, and in some districts rises to 15-20 persons per square kilometer. The average population of villages here is 1.5 times higher than that for Primorye as a whole. Seventy-five percent of rural inhabitants live in large villages.
    Lumbering and mineral mining and processing sites are located along the western and eastern slopes of Sikhote Alin. There are virtually no cities and towns in such areas. People settle here in specific centers. Given the average population density of less than 1 person per square kilometer, in sites where mineral resources are mined it may be over 10 persons per square kilometer. The network of populated areas in such ranges is generally represented by populated settlements and workers settlements lacking town status.

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