Already in 1990, with beginning of Russias economic reforms, the population of Primorye increased only by 8 percent. In subsequent years, the demographic situation in Primorye continued to worsen, and in 1992 its population began to decrease. Continued decrease in the size of Primoryes population is also observed now. Most of this decrease is observed in cities and urban settlements. Over the past two years, they lost about 35,000 residents. From 1989 to 1994, the number of rural residents has grown by over 17,000. 
Natural movement of population The reasons for this decrease are several, including the rapid drop in the birth rate, the abrupt increase in mortality, and the increasing exodus from Primorye.
 Over the past three years, birth rate in Primorye had drooped by 2.2 times to amount to only nine babies per 1,000 inhabitants. This is the lowest figure in the entire history of Primorye. The largest drop in birth rate is observed in cities and maritime regions. In rural areas, the birth rate continues to equal 12-16 newborns per 1,000 inhabitants. This is 1.7 times higher than the average figure for Primorye. 
      Simultaneously with the drop in the birth rate, mortality is growing rapidly. Today it equals 12 per 1,000 inhabitants, higher than the birth rate figure. As for mortality, Primorye leads all other territories and regions of the Russian Far East.
 The drops in birth rate and rapid growth in mortality have abruptly decreased the populations natural growth. In 1991, it equaled only 77, 000 or 3.1 persons per 1,000 inhabitants. In the following year of 1992, Primoryes population increased due to natural growth only by 900, and natural population decrease began in 1993.

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