VOROSHILOVSKAYA BATTERY


    The battery is situated in the southern part of Russky Island 400 km away from Novik Inlet. It consists of two towers three cannons each.
     Voroshilovskaya battery is remarkable by the pace it had been established with. K.Ye. Voroshilov, Minister of Defense, approved the project in 1931. Only  two years later the battery had been completed. Until now the visitors can see the emblems of Young Communist International drawn on the walls, the evidence of Komsomol members (Young Communist League) participation in the battery construction.
    Completed in 1934 the battery strikes by the amount of work fulfilled. Its towers are crowned with five-floor concrete structures 15 meters deep, with concrete arch being 3.5 meters thick to  stand up to a direct hit of a one-ton aircraft bomb. The second floor accommodates a shell cellar with 1 200 shells kept in zinc hermetic and heat-resisting containers (one shot needs two semi-charges weighting 76 kg and 32 kg), is equipped with an efficient anti-fire system. The third floor is a shell cellar with 600 shells delivered to the cannons by a special elevating system. At 25 meters depth the towers are connected by an underground passages 217 meters long. The towers and stems are electric motor operated. The battery is switched to an island power station and has a diesel system of its own. In urgent situations ten sailors rotate a tower by hands. Under the battery there is an artesian well 25 meters deep that supplies drinking water for the battery crew. 
 
To transport shells to the battery a narrow-gauge railway has been constructed. It ran along the Novik Inlet coast from a pier to the battery hill-foot. At present the tourists can see only remnants of these pier and railway, more-or-less survived are the depot building and some embankment. 
Voroshilovskaya Battery     The cannons were removed from battleship Poltava fixed at the Obukhovsky Works where they had been originally made before the First World War and transported to Russky Island to be installed on the battery. 
    Each stem having 350 mm in diameter weights 51 ton. A rotating tower weights 900 ton, total weight of a tower is 1 200 ton. Circular rotating towers are reinforced by 300 mm armor. Stem angle ranges between 5? to +25?. Maximal range of a shell is 35 km with 11km altitude of its maximal trajectory. Remote controlled shell could hit air targets as well. Battery cannons fire 1.5 shots of 470 kg shells (the lightest long-range shell weights 314 kg) per minute and applies the shells of three types, long-rage, semi-, and armor-piercing, capable to hit 350 mm armor. The battery can fire one, two, three, and all six cannons simultaneously.
    A tower crew includes 75 people. The battery crew, observation post and power station inclusive, totals 399 people.
 Those who visit the battery today can not help but admire this outstanding structure erected over 80 years ago, its complex mechanisms, rational organization, efficient functioning, and bow their heads to the engineers and workers who erected this fortification miracle.
    However, the most exciting is the accuracy of the battery fire, thus, during the exercise of 1992 a two-meter-in-diameter mooring buoy being 6 nautical miles away (1 nautical mile = 1 852 m) was hit by the third shot. Exciting indeed, as objects of this size are even hard to see at this distance!
    The battery never fired a combat shot but served an efficient deterrence factor for Japanese admirals.
    Unfortunately, economic chaos of the present days managed to ruin even this fortification miracle, in 1997 the battery was decommissioned. Marauders also put a hand and removed bronze and brass parts. Thanks to public the battery was saved, nowadays it is under restoration and soon will join the memorials of the Pacific Navy.
    The survived island and coastal fortifications have been recognized the heritage objects of federal importance. Ground battery Bezymyannaya (Nameless) is turned into museum. The forts and Voroshilovskaya Battery host tours. Thus, one-kilometer underground tour organized by the Pantera Center provides an opportunity for city residents and guests to see the underground forts and outposts of Vladivostok fortress.

Yu. BERSENYEV , expert, Duma of Primor'ye




http://www.fegi.ru

Copyright 1998-2002  Computer Laboratory , Far East Geological Institute

webmaster@fegi.ru



.